Cetuximab in Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Brief Summary

Official Title: “A Phase II Study of Cetuximab in Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma”

The main purpose of this study is to begin to collect information and to try to learn whether or not cetuximab works in treating patients with unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma.

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 2005

Detailed Clinical Trial Description

The first step in this study is to examine the tumor biopsy (previously collected) and determine whether or not it is epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) positive or EGFR negative. Both EGFR positive and EGFR negative patients can participate in this study because at this time it is not known whether having a negative or positive receptor makes a difference in how the study drug works on the tumor. By knowing if the tumor is EGFR positive or negative, we will be able to see if there is a difference in the way the tumor responds to cetuximab.

Patients will receive cetuximab intravenously once weekly for 6 weeks. Each 6-week period is one cycle of treatment. The first dose of cetuximab is larger than the following doses.

For the first clinic visit the patient's blood pressure, temperature, breathing and heart rate will be taken before, during, at the end, and one-hour after the cetuximab has been administered. For each visit after that, blood pressure, temperature, breathing and heart rate will be taken before and after cetuximab has been administered.

Before each administration of cetuximab, diphenhydramine will also be administered to decrease the chances of an allergic or hypersensitivity reaction.

The following tests and procedures will be performed at weeks 1, 3 and 5 during each 6-week cycle of treatments as well as at the end of study treatment: physical exam, vital signs, medical history and blood work. At the end of each 6-week cycle a CT and/or MRI will be performed to measure the tumor size.

Long-term follow-up will include physical exams and bloodwork every 6 months.

Patients will remain on cetuximab as long as there is no disease progression or intolerable side effects.

Interventions Used in this Clinical Trial

  • Drug: Cetuximab
    • The initial dose of cetuximab was 400 mg/m2 (cycle 1 only) given intravenously followed by weekly intravenous infusions at 250 mg/m2. Each cycle was defined as 6 consecutive weekly intravenous treatments. Treatment was continued until 1 of the following criteria was met: disease progression per RECIST criteria, unacceptable toxicity, patient refusal, or the need to delay therapy more than 3 weeks.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts in this Clinical Trial

  • Experimental: Cetuximab
    • The initial dose of cetuximab was 400 mg/m2 (cycle 1 only) given intravenously followed by weekly intravenous infusions at 250 mg/m2. Each cycle was defined as 6 consecutive weekly intravenous treatments. Treatment was continued until 1 of the following criteria was met: disease progression per RECIST criteria, unacceptable toxicity, patient refusal, or the need to delay therapy more than 3 weeks.

Outcome Measures for this Clinical Trial

Primary Measures

  • Progression free survival in patients treated with cetuximab for unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma
    • Time Frame: 2 years
      Safety Issue?: No

Secondary Measures

  • Number of patients with adverse events
    • Time Frame: 2 years
      Safety Issue?: Yes
  • Overall Survival
    • Time Frame: 2 years
      Safety Issue?: No
  • Objective Response Rate
    • Time Frame: 2 years
      Safety Issue?: No

Criteria for Participation in this Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Measurable tumor
  • Adequate hepatic function: total bilirubin < 3.0mg/dl; AST < 7 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Adequate renal function: serum creatinine < 2.0mg/dl
  • Adequate bone marrow function: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,000/mm3; platelets > 75,000/mm3.
  • 0-2 prior systemic chemotherapy regimens for hepatocellular carcinoma
  • 18 years of age and older
  • ECOG performance status of 0-2
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks

Exclusion Criteria

  • Surgery, excluding prior diagnostic biopsy or venous access device placement, within 28 days of study entry
  • Uncontrolled serious medical or psychiatric illness
  • Irradiation or chemotherapy for disease within 28 days of study entry
  • Clinically apparent central nervous system metastases or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Received an investigational agent within 30 days
  • Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score > 3
  • Acute hepatitis
  • Active or uncontrolled infection
  • Significant history of cardiac disease
  • Prior cetuximab or other therapy which specifically and directly targets the EGFR pathway
  • Prior allergic reaction to chimerized or murine monoclonal antibody therapy

Gender Eligibility for this Clinical Trial: Both

Minimum Age for this Clinical Trial: 18 Years

Maximum Age for this Clinical Trial: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted for this Clinical Trial: No

Clinical Trial Investigator Information

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Collaborator
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Andrew X. Zhu, MD, Principal Investigator – Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Andrew X. Zhu, MD, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital

Source

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The URL of this page is:
http://clinicaltrialsfeeds.org/clinical-trials/show/NCT00142428