Vorinostat and Decitabine in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Brief Summary

Official Title: “A Phase 1 Study of Vorinostat (Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid; SAHA) in Combination With Decitabine in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Blast Crisis”

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vorinostat when given together with decitabine in treating patients with advanced solid tumors or relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, or chronic myelogenous leukemia.

Vorinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving vorinostat together with decitabine may kill more cancer cells.

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Study Primary Completion Date: November 2009

Detailed Clinical Trial Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Establish the maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of vorinostat in conjunction with decitabine in patients with advanced solid tumors or relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Identify the minimal effective dose of vorinostat in conjunction with decitabine that will lead to DNA demethylation, histone acetylation, and gene reactivation with tolerable toxicity in these patients.

II. Determine the pharmacokinetic profiles of vorinostat and decitabine in these patients. Correlate pharmacokinetic profiles of vorinostat and decitabine with toxicity and biological activity in these patients.

III. Assess the antitumor activity of vorinostat and decitabine in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a parallel group, multicenter, dose-escalation study of vorinostat. Patients are stratified according to disease (solid tumors or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma [NHL] vs hematological malignancies).

Patients receive 1 of 2 dosing regimens.

Regimen 1 (sequential dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 6-21 or days 6-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Regimen 2 (concurrent dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 1-21, days 1-14 (patients with hematological malignancies only), or two times daily on days 1-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5.

Courses repeat every 28 days or 21 days (patients with hematological malignancies only) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In both groups, cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of vorinostat until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. The dose level just below MTD would be declared the recommended phase II dose (RPTD). Up to 10 patients are treated at the RPTD. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 4 weeks.

Interventions Used in this Clinical Trial

  • Drug: vorinostat
    • Given orally
  • Drug: decitabine
    • Given IV

Arms, Groups and Cohorts in this Clinical Trial

  • Experimental: Treatment (enzyme inhibitor, chemotherapy)
    • Regimen 1 (sequential dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 6-21 or days 6-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Regimen 2 (concurrent dosing): Patients receive oral vorinostat two or three times daily on days 1-21, days 1-14 (patients with hematological malignancies only), or two times daily on days 1-12 (patients with solid tumors or NHL only) and decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5.

Outcome Measures for this Clinical Trial

Primary Measures

  • Maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of vorinostat and decitabine
    • Time Frame: Course 1
      Safety Issue?: Yes

Secondary Measures

  • Minimal effective dose of vorinostat in combination with decitabine by bone marrow and/or peripheral blood (for leukemia)
    • Time Frame: Baseline and between days 3-10
      Safety Issue?: No
  • Pharmacokinetics of vorinostat in conjunction with decitabine
    • Time Frame: Days 1-15
      Safety Issue?: No
  • Antitumor activity
    • Time Frame: Every 4 weeks for leukemia and every 8 weeks for solid tumors or NHL
      Safety Issue?: No
  • Methylation status of gene promoter regions and gene expression
    • Time Frame: Baseline and between days 3-10
      Safety Issue?: No
  • Altered response of leukemic cells to PPAr and RAR ligands
    • Time Frame: Baseline and between days 3-8
      Safety Issue?: No

Criteria for Participation in this Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Diagnosis of 1 of the following:
  • Confirmed relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis (CML-BC)
  • Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia who have relapsed while on tretinoin allowed
  • Patients with previously untreated AML who refuse induction chemotherapy allowed
  • Patients who are not candidates for aggressive management (those that have medical conditions that prevent the administration of standard curative chemotherapy or those who require an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for curative therapy but lack an appropriate donor) are allowed
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)
  • Histologically confirmed solid tumor that is metastatic or unresectable or for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Clinically or radiologically documented disease
  • Patients whose only evidence of disease is tumor marker elevation are not eligible
  • Patients with AML, ALL, or CML-BC who have cerebral spinal fluid involvement may be included
  • May be treated with intrathecal cytarabine and/or methotrexate prior to and/or during the study
  • No known brain metastases in patients with solid tumors or NHL
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Karnofsky 60-100%
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks for patients with solid tumors (including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) and 6 weeks for patients with hematological malignancies
  • Patients with solid tumors (including NHL) must also have normal marrow function as defined below:
  • Leukocytes ≥ 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine ≤ 150 μmol/L
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to vorinostat or other agents used in study
  • Able to take oral medications
  • Patients who have a clinical or radiological diagnosis of bowel obstruction are ineligible
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • No other uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • No limitation on the number or types of prior therapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiotherapy, chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C), or molecularly targeted agents
  • Exceptions may be made for low-dose, non-myelosuppressive radiotherapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior valproic acid or any other histone deacetylase inhibitor
  • Must have recovered from prior therapy
  • Patients with hematological malignancies may receive hydroxyurea until 24 hours prior to starting study medications
  • Previous surgery is permitted provided that wound healing has occurred
  • No prior decitabine
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent investigational or commercial agents or therapies administered with the intent to treat the patient's malignancy
  • No HIV-positive patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy
  • No concurrent prophylactic hematopoietic growth factors (e.g. filgrastim [G-CSF], sargramostim [GM-CSF], thrombopoietin, or epoetin alfa)
  • Hematopoietic growth factors colony stimulating factors for the treatment of cytopenia may be permitted at the discretion of the principal investigator

Gender Eligibility for this Clinical Trial: Both

Minimum Age for this Clinical Trial: 18 Years

Maximum Age for this Clinical Trial: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted for this Clinical Trial: No

Clinical Trial Investigator Information

  • Lead Sponsor
    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Karen Yee, Principal Investigator, Princess Margaret Hospital Phase 2 Consortium

Source

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The URL of this page is:
http://clinicaltrialsfeeds.org/clinical-trials/show/NCT00275080