Anticoagulation Post Laparoscopic Splenectomy

Brief Summary

Official Title: “Effect of Anticoagulation in Reducing the Incidence of Splenic/Portal Vein Thrombosis Post-Laparoscopic Splenectomy Protocol Number: 5698″

Splenic/portal vein thrombosis is an alarming complication of splenectomy. Retrospective studies in the literature have shown the incidence of symptomatic splenic/portal vein thrombosis to be between 0.7% (Rattner et al., 1993) to 8% (Winslow et al., 2002). This is a single-center, prospective, randomized study in subjects undergoing laparoscopic splenectomy. All participants will receive one dose of pre-operative low molecular weight heparin (Lovenox®) subcutaneously, 2 hours prior to surgery. Participants will be randomized pre-operatively to treatment or control group however the treatment allocation will not be revealed until the surgery is complete. Postoperatively, those assigned to the treatment group will receive 40 mg of Lovenox® subcutaneously once a day for 21 days; those in the control group will not. Patients with severe renal impairment will receive an adjusted dose of Lovenox® (30 mg subcutaneous dose daily). All patients will have a baseline abdominal Doppler ultrasound preoperatively and a second one done at 14 to 28 days post surgery to monitor for the presence of portal vein and/or splenic vein thrombosis. They will also have their lipase and liver function tests checked to correlate with the imaging findings.

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 2009

Interventions Used in this Clinical Trial

  • Drug: Enoxaparin
    • Lovenox 40mg SC daily (30mg SC daily if creatinine clearance < 30) for 21 days

Arms, Groups and Cohorts in this Clinical Trial

  • Active Comparator: Lovenox
    • Patients receive Lovenox 40mg SC daily (30mg SC daily if creatinine clearance < 30) for 21 days after laparoscopic splenectomy
  • No Intervention: No Lovenox
    • Patients do NOT receive Lovenox post laparoscopic splenectomy

Outcome Measures for this Clinical Trial

Primary Measures

  • The incidence of portal/splenic vein thrombosis post laparoscopic splenectomy
    • Time Frame: three years
      Safety Issue?: Yes

Criteria for Participation in this Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Scheduled to undergo laparoscopic splenectomy at The University of Alberta or Grey Nun's Community Hospitals
  • Capable of understanding the purpose and risks of the study and willing/able to sign a statement of informed consent
  • Willing to undergo daily subcutaneous injections of Lovenox®

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnant or nursing
  • Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent
  • Bleeding diathesis or currently on anticoagulation therapy (i.e. coumadin, heparin, LMWH)
  • Hemorrhagic cerebral vascular accident
  • Severe uncontrolled hypertension
  • Diabetic or hemorrhagic retinopathy
  • Contradictions to anticoagulation (i.e. active GI bleed, gastric or duodenal ulcer, sustained platelet count < 50 x103/uL, splenectomy due to trauma or history of heparin induced thrombocytopenia)
  • Conversion to open splenectomy
  • Allergy to Lovenox®, heparin, or other low molecular weight heparins
  • Bacterial endocarditis

Gender Eligibility for this Clinical Trial: Both

Minimum Age for this Clinical Trial: 18 Years

Maximum Age for this Clinical Trial: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted for this Clinical Trial: No

Clinical Trial Investigator Information

  • Lead Sponsor
    • University of Alberta
  • Collaborator
    • Edmonton Civic Employees Research Fund
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Dr. James Shapiro, University of Alberta
  • Overall Official(s)
    • James Shapiro, MD PhD FRCS(Eng), Principal Investigator, University of Alberta
    • Haili Wang, MD FRCSC, Study Director, University of Alberta
    • Daniel Kopac, MD MSc, Study Director, University of Alberta

References

Bergqvist D, Agnelli G, Cohen AT, Eldor A, Nilsson PE, Le Moigne-Amrani A, Dietrich-Neto F; ENOXACAN II Investigators. Duration of prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism with enoxaparin after surgery for cancer. N Engl J Med. 2002 Mar 28;346(13):975-80.

Bergqvist D. Low molecular weight heparin for the prevention of venous thromboembolism after abdominal surgery. Br J Surg. 2004 Aug;91(8):965-74. Review.

Chaffanjon PC, Brichon PY, Ranchoup Y, Gressin R, Sotto JJ. Portal vein thrombosis following splenectomy for hematologic disease: prospective study with Doppler color flow imaging. World J Surg. 1998 Oct;22(10):1082-6.

[No authors listed] Efficacy and safety of enoxaparin versus unfractionated heparin for prevention of deep vein thrombosis in elective cancer surgery: a double-blind randomized multicentre trial with venographic assessment. ENOXACAN Study Group. Br J Surg. 1997 Aug;84(8):1099-103.

Fujita F, Lyass S, Otsuka K, Giordano L, Rosenbaum DL, Khalili TM, Phillips EH. Portal vein thrombosis following splenectomy: identification of risk factors. Am Surg. 2003 Nov;69(11):951-6.

Geerts WH, Pineo GF, Heit JA, Bergqvist D, Lassen MR, Colwell CW, Ray JG. Prevention of venous thromboembolism: the Seventh ACCP Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy. Chest. 2004 Sep;126(3 Suppl):338S-400S. Review.

Mismetti P, Laporte S, Darmon JY, Buchmuller A, Decousus H. Meta-analysis of low molecular weight heparin in the prevention of venous thromboembolism in general surgery. Br J Surg. 2001 Jul;88(7):913-30.

Petit P, Bret PM, Atri M, Hreno A, Casola G, Gianfelice D. Splenic vein thrombosis after splenectomy: frequency and role of imaging. Radiology. 1994 Jan;190(1):65-8.

van't Riet M, Burger JW, van Muiswinkel JM, Kazemier G, Schipperus MR, Bonjer HJ. Diagnosis and treatment of portal vein thrombosis following splenectomy. Br J Surg. 2000 Sep;87(9):1229-33.

Source

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http://clinicaltrialsfeeds.org/clinical-trials/show/NCT00769873