Official Title: “A Phase I Study of Carfilzomib in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL)/Prolymphocytic Leukemia (PLL)”
Carfilzomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and the best dose of carfilzomib in treating patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL),small lymphocytic lymphoma(SLL), or prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL).
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Study Primary Completion Date: October 2014
Detailed Clinical Trial Description
I. To determine the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) and maximal tolerated dose (MTD) of carfilzomib in patients with relapsed or refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia(CLL) / Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL) and Prolymphocytic Leukemia (PLL).
II. To evaluate the safety and toxicity profile of carfilzomib in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL)/prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL).
I. To evaluate efficacy of carfilzomib therapy in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL)/prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) to justify future phase II studies.
II. To determine the degree and duration of cellular proteosome inhibition induced by carfilzomib and relationship of this to pharmacodynamics, response and toxicity.
III. To determine the pharmacokinetics (plasma and cellular) of carfilzomib and relationship of this to proteosome inhibition, pharmacodynamics, response, and toxicity.IV. To examine the effect of carfilzomib on pharmacodynamic parameters including cytokines, changes in downstream targets including NF-kappa B (p50/p65 binding; I-kappa B level, P-I-kappa B level,select target genes), p53 (p53 nuclear levels, p53 nuclear binding, and select target genes), ER stress proteins, and p73.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of carfilzomib.Patients receiving carfilzomib intra-venous(IV) over 30 minutes once daily, on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions Used in this Clinical Trial
- Drug: carfilzomib
- Given IV infusion lasting 30 minutes. Will be administered IV at a specified dose in mg/m2 QDx2 weekly for 3 weeks (days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16). The first and second dose will always be administered at 20 mg/m2.
- Other: Cytokine Assessment
- TNF-α,IFN-γ,IL-6,IL-8,IL-10,and IL-1β pre-dose, completion, 30 minutes, 2 hours, 6 hours, and approximately 24 hours from initiation of therapy on days 1 and 8 of treatment. These will be assessed utilizing standard ELISA or flow cytometry methodology. Other cytokines or soluble factors may be assessed that relate to drug toxicity or response. After 6 patients are examined in each group, the time points or number of cytokines examined may be changed to decrease time points examined. Cytokines will be examined by a multiplex flow cytometry assay or ELISA. Other cytokines, chemokines, or soluble factors may be assessed on residual material not used for these studies.
- Other: Pharmacodynamic Studies
- Based upon our preliminary data changes occuring in vivo during carfilzomib treatment will be determined and if their occurrence correlates with both clinical response and development of cytokine release. These studies will be performed from CD19 selected CLL cells at screening, pre-treatment, 4 hours, and 24 hours post-therapy on days 1 and 8 of treatment; end of therapy evaluation, and at time of relapse (in responding patients). These studies will include assessment of NF-κB (p50/p65 binding; I-κB level, P-I-κB level, select target genes), p53 (p53 nuclear levels, p53 nuclear binding, and select target genes), p73, and ER stress response. Standard Western Blot, EMSA, RT-PCR will be done to complete these studies.
- Other: Proteosome Inhibition Assessment
- Proteosome inhibition on CLL cells will be examined at screening, pre-treatment and post-treatment (immediately after completion of drug) days 1, pre-treatment day 2, day 3 (optional), day 5 (optional),pre and post-treatment days 8, pre and post-treatment days 9, day 10 (optional),day 12 (optional), and day 15 (optional).
- Other: Pharmacogenomic Studies
- Germ line DNA from a buccal swab and bone marrow fibroblasts will be obtained at baseline screening for possible examination of SNP polymorphisms that may correlate with response and toxicity to carfilzomib therapy. Tumor DNA will be derived from samples obtained at baseline for the p53 mutational studies. SNPs related to drug metabolism, response, or toxicity to therapy, cytokine release, and tumor biology may be examined. Other SNPs may be used in the future. Given the potential for contamination in the recipient, recipient DNA from a buccal swab and/or saliva will be obtained at baseline screening for examination of SNP polymorphisms that may correlate with response, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts in this Clinical Trial
- Experimental: Arm 1
- Patients receive carfilzomib IV over 30 minutes once daily on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.Performance of pharmacology, pharmacodynamic and pharmacogenomic studies allow assessment of carfilzomib mechanism of action and also to understand how the variability of these different features correlate with clinical benefit/response and also toxicity.
Outcome Measures for this Clinical Trial
- Determine safety of carfilzomib by evaluating the toxicity profile.
- Time Frame: Up to 24 months
Safety Issue?: Yes
- Time Frame: Up to 24 months
- To evaluate the efficacy of Carfilzomib therapy in relapsed or refractory chromic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL)/prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL)
- Time Frame: Up to 24 months
Safety Issue?: No
- Time Frame: Up to 24 months
Criteria for Participation in this Clinical Trial
- Previously treated patients with a diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), or prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) by NCI Criteria with intermediate or high risk B-Cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)(Modified Rai stage) satisfying at least one of the criteria for active disease requiring treatment;patients with a history of Richter's transformation are eligible if they now have evidence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) only, with < 10% large cells in the bone marrow
- Massive or progressive splenomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy; or need for cytoreduction for stem cell transplant
- Anemia (hemoglobin < 11 g/dl) or thrombocytopenia (platelets < 100 x 10^9/L)
- Presence of weight loss > 10% over the preceding 6 month period
- NCI grade 2 or 3 fatigue
- Fevers > 100.5 °C or night sweats for greater than 2 weeks without evidence of infection
- Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2 month period or an anticipated doubling time of less than 6 months
- Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) > 15mL/min
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3X upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Bilirubin =< 2 times the upper limit of normal, unless disease related
- Platelets >= 20 x 10^9/L and absence of active bleeding
- Patients must have an ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status =< 2
- Patients must not have secondary cancers that result in a life expectancy of <2 years or that would confound assessment of toxicity in this study
- Patients of all racial/ethnic groups are eligible for the study if they meet eligibility criteria outlined
- Patients must provide written informed consent
- Absence of previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
- Female subject that is pregnant or breastfeeding; women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, duration of study participation,and 30 days following study completion; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately;confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum -human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women
- Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF)in whom pre-treatment hydration would be prohibitive;New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III/IV CHF is excluded
- Patients who have had treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) within 2 weeks, although palliative steroids are acceptable
- Patient unable to give written informed consent
- Failure to recover from toxicity of previous radiotherapy or chemotherapy to grade 1
- Patients with active infections requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotic/antiviral therapy are not eligible for entry onto the study until resolution of the infection; patients on prophylactic antibiotics or antivirals are acceptable
- Patients who have previously taken bortezomib
Gender Eligibility for this Clinical Trial: Both
Minimum Age for this Clinical Trial: 18 Years
Maximum Age for this Clinical Trial: N/A
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted for this Clinical Trial: No
Clinical Trial Investigator Information
- Lead Sponsor
- Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
- Onyx Pharmaceuticals
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Principal Investigator: Jennifer Woyach, Principal Investigator – Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
- Overall Official(s)
- Jennifer Woyach, MD, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center